Fingerprinting is a type of biometric technology, where someone who wants to access a sensitive system has their fingerprints recorded. Then, when they need to access the system, their fingerprints are scanned. Assuming a positive match, this is then combined with other login information to grant access.
Terms related to Fingerprinting: Biometrics, multifactor authentication, scanning, security access.
Fingerprinting is a common type of biometric technology due to the unique characteristics of fingerprinting and relatively easy implementation, recording, scanning, and checking of fingerprints. Biometric technology is most commonly used in multifactor authentication, where a user needs to authorize themselves in two or more ways.
In addition to a fingerprint scan, users may also need to provide a login, password, and other type of authentication, such as that from a security card, one time password, or similar. When fingerprinting is used together with two other types of authentication, it becomes an extremely reliable way to prevent hackers and criminals gaining access to computer systems.
When a user’s fingerprints are first recorded for future authentication, a biometric scanner will take detailed impressions of the fingerprints. This will then be converted into biometric data and stored in a secure database. Then, when a user wants to access a system and identifies themselves through a login, the biometric scanner will take an impression of the fingerprints, compare it to the records on file, and if a match is found, will grant access.
Fingerprinting is just one type of biometric authentication — others include palm scans, iris recognition, face geometry, voice pattern recognition, and more.