The Secret History of Identity
9/11 changed everything, even biometrics. Before the horrific event on that day, people used biometrics mainly in criminal justice applications. But the rise of smartphone biometrics in the consumer space after 9/11 led to the decriminalization of biometric authentication.
The world was changed forever, and biometrics applications were soon developing at a rapid pace across the globe. Today, biometric authentication is everywhere, and in many cases, unique developments are taking place in specific locations.
Join us on a biometric tour of the latest and greatest innovations around the world:
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Iris Recognition: All Eyes on India
In India, people are three times more likely to have used ‘iris recognition’ than any other country. That’s because the government, through its Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI) has put a program in place called Aadhaar. The program’s goal is to enroll biometric identification data such as iris patterns of all 1.27 billion people in India. And the system is starting to be integrated into more financial solutions as well, helping solve day to day problems. The prime minister of India announced that the program’s purpose is “To give the poor an identity.”
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No Talking To Security In Singapore
The new T4 terminal at Changi airport in Singapore will become the latest to start offering biometrics to passengers. The airport plans to introduce face recognition services that will allow passengers to go from check-in to boarding without ever talking to a security officer.
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Coffee Without Creamer, Cash, Or Human Involvement
In China, a cashier-less café lets customers simply order and receive their beverage without having to produce a payment method or interact with a human being. Instead, as they step forward to the counter and make their order, the AI system scans their face and deducts the payment for their order directly from their Alibaba payment account.
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Sweden: Chip In Hand, Literally
SJ, the state-owned railway company in Sweden, is letting passengers use a biometric chip implanted in their hand as their ticket. No more looking for your ticket, or even a smartcard, all you need is your hand. So if you can’t find your ticket, you’ve got bigger problems than missing the train.
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Biometrics Required For Benefits In South Africa
South Africa has implemented a program to use biometrics as a way of safely and securely delivering governmental services. Through the South African Social Security Agency (SASSA) government benefits like pension, disability and public assistance payments are placed onto a biometric debit card. In order to use the card, citizens must have their fingerprints and voices digitally analyzed by computers.
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Fighting Terror In Pakistan With Sim Cards
The Pakistani government has turned to a biometric verification plan to prevent terrorist attacks involving mobile phones. Since 2005, citizens in Pakistan have been required to obtain Computerized National Identity Cards (CNICS) by providing their biometric data to the National Database and Registration Authority (Nadra). In order to purchase a phone or have a phone reverified, citizens must provide a valid CNIC. It is a massive undertaking as there are currently 130 million mobile phone users in Pakistan. Terrorists use mobile phones to communicate during attacks, extort money and detonate bombs.
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No Passport? No Problem In Australia
Australia’s Department of Immigration and Border Protection recently announced plans to further develop its “Seamless Traveler” program to include the 35 million annual travelers who visit Australia. The program eliminates the need for paper passports or identity cards and instead will eventually rely on a mix of iris scanning, face recognition and fingerprints. The system may even use ear shape, voice recognition, and gait pattern analysis, depending upon the various companies chosen to implement the system.